Indonesia’s Cultural Soul: Yogyakarta City
One of the most culturally rich regions visited amongst the traveller was Yogyakarta, often called simply ‘Jogja’ (Y’s are pronounced like J’s in Bahasa). Yogyakarta shares the same island as the capital city of Jakarta yet the two cities could not be more opposite!
Jakarta has over nine million people in its hazy underbelly with glitzky skyscraper malls interspersed among some of the most congested traffic, while Jogja retains a calmer soul, culturally rich in ancient Javanese arts and home to just 400,000 inhabitants. Yogkyakarta today is home to the nation’s most prestigious university, a traditional art & music scene and picturesque thatched cottages set among tiered rice fields.
Yogyakarta’s multi cultured past has an impressive lineage of Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms that left behind elaborately intricate religious temples and palaces. Without further adeiu, here is our list of the best things to see and do in Yogyakarta!
Where to Stay in Jogja
Here are 3 of the best hotels in Yogyakarta based on location close to Jogja’s attractions. I stayed in the first two and was recommended the third by a friend.
1 | Atria Hotel Magelang – Perfect if you plan to do the sunrise viewing of Borobudur as it’s quite well located nearby. For the morning entrance, you’ll need to wake up around 3:30am so proximity is key. The hotel restaurant has amazing Javanese dishes to try. Rooms are clean, simple and decorated in a darker style but overall quite comfortable.
Other Affordable and Centrally Located Hotels in Yogyakarta:
2 | Phoenix Hotel Yogyakarta – My favorite of the trip, the Phoenix is a grand, old-colonial hotel with the most gorgeous outdoor swimming pool that we took full advantage of and a gigantic breakfast spread of both Western and Indonesia food.
My favorite part was the coffee option each morning, with six different types of sugar. The rooms themselves are fairly small but do offer free wifi and local fruits on arrival (try rat’s tail fruit). Stay here for the atmosphere – simply incredible!
3 | Jambuluwuk Malioboro Boutique Hotel – Nestled in Yogyakarta city in the historical center, the Jambuluwuk is a boutique hotel with comfortable rooms and free wifi. Nearby attractions include Malioboro Street, Sultan Palace, the traditional Beringharjo Market, and the Lempuyangan Train Station.
The 10 Best Things to Do in Yogyakarta City
1. Borobudur Temple
This 113 foot high pyramid is a bit of a Buddhist mystery. Built between the 8th and 9th centuries by the ruling Buddhist Syailendra dynasty, little is known about the temple’s original purpose or name. Borobudur contains four main platforms with one large circular stupa at the top. At each level, smaller buddhas sit comfortably ensconced in circular rings. In the background, four volcanoes shroud Borobudur in mist (only one volcano is dormant). The purple orange haze is quite the stunning backdrop for the entire stone structure.
Our Tip: If you’re keen on visiting for sunrise, book the special Borobudur sunrise ticket (or the Borobudur combo package if visiting Prambanan as well). Wait patiently alongside tourists, photographers and locals for the first glimpse of light but don’t worry too much about jockeying for the “best” position. The most beautiful part of the day is the 45 minutes after the actual sunrise, when the massive structure is bathed in golden, glowing light and the morning mist has settled comfortably in the background.
photo via @puanindya
photo via pinterest
Prambanan temple is a UNESCO world heritage site consisting of 240 temples built by the subsequent ruling dynasty, the Hindu-led X. The temple site is dedicated to the expression of God as the trimurti, or Brahma (Creator), Vishnu (Preserver) and Shiva (Destroyer), towering 47 meters high. In the evenings, you can catch the spectacular Ramayana ballet performance where over 200 dancers and musicians perform in open air, with the magnificent temple as the backdrop.
Our Tip: If you plan to visit both Borodudur and Prambanan temples (which you should, as they are very different!) buy the combo temple ticket to save on admission. Both temples take about 1.5 hours to fully soak in and can be seen in one compact day, or spread out over two leisurely days. Budget transportation time in between.
photos via pinterst & @mary_quincy
Traditional Indonesian fabric is a distinctive cloth with intricate batik dye. To make the cloth, wax-resistant dye is applied to the fabric dry by either drawing dots or lines using a spouted tool called the canting, or by printing with a copper stamp called the cap. It’s a bit of inverse process, as the wax is dye resistant, and allows the artisan to selectively color the cloth. Yogyakarta has a long history of making batik fabric and is where the art form is the most highly developed.
Our Tip: Try your hand at batik yourself with this tour! Be careful though – the hot liquid is harder to control than it looks and spills easily.
photo via pinterest
4. Rice Planting
Travel to the highlands of Indonesia and you’ll see beautiful lush paddy fields cascading in terraces all along the mountainsides. Indonesia is the world’s third largest rice producer and the stunning rice landscapes are not to be missed! Often you’ll find a picturesque small rustic wooden hut set at the base of the green fields. To water the fields, a complex irrigation system is set in place where day to day management is in the hands of local village cooperatives, called ‘subak’. The unique subak system of agrarian communities has been handed down for generations.
In Java (along with Bali), rice is a staple part of the Indonesian diet and even stands synonymous with the word food. Meals are not complete without rice and as a result, the ingredient plays an important role in religious and social festivals and ceremonies. Indonesians respect the goddess of rice, Bhatari Sri.
Our Tip: Rice is a staple part of Indonesia cuisine – you can’t miss the opportunity to see how it grows! Try your hand at planting the small grains and riding the water buffalo plow.
photo via pinterest
5. Jomblang Cave
Jomblang cave is famous for the streaming heavenly light that descends into the cave. The cave is said to have formed when a forest collapsed due to an earthquake, forming a 200 meter hole in the ground. Light penetrates directly over the cave’s hole at approximately noon. To get to the hole, you’ll be dropped through a rope and pulley system approximately 90 meters down. Best to book through a tour.
6. Taman Sari
A garden chateau with an elaborate series of swimming pools, this palace was built by the Portugese (when they briefly resided in Java) as a gift for the wives of Sultan Hamengku Buwono I. The castle is built in an architectural style loved by Yogyakarta’s ancient royalty and boasts not only a magnificent view but an eerie underground catacomb that’s worth checking out!
7. Kraton Palace
Kraton of Yogyakarta is the city’s palace complex and the main seat of the Sultan Yogyakarta and his family. It also serves as a cultural center with a museum for the Sultan’s artifacts. More of a walled mini city than a palace, this massive compound is home to 25,000 people and has its own industries, schools and shops. Distinctive features to note: the male and female dragon entrances, the European-influenced architecture, gifts from various European monarchs and sacred banyan trees.
8. Kalibiru National Park
Kalibiru is a park organized by locals that has blown up on social media for it’s dream worthy landscape. The most distinctive feature is a small wooden platform overlooking the mountains and lush green forest below. Kalibiru is about a 1 – 2 hour drive west of the city, near the Menoreh mountain range. Interesting fact: the park was completely built by local citizens – previously the area had no greenery due to logging and palm oil clearing.
9. Volcanic Mount Merapi
Mount Merapi erupted in 2006 and again in 2010 and remains active today. For the adventurous traveler, the volcano can be climbed in a lava tour! On the hike, you’ll stop at two lava formed ravines, carved by the eruptions and the Sisa Hartaku Museum (‘my remaining belongings’), which displays items damaged by the eruption. You can even find a click that stopped at the exact time of the eruption. For early birds and photographs, a great way to see the volcanic mountain is via sunrise trek.
10. Wayang Theater
Wayang is the Javanese word for a theatrical performance with shadow puppets. Performances are typically accompanied by an orchestra and officially recognized by the UNESCO as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. Don’t miss one of these uniquely Indonesian highlights while you’re in Yogyakarta!